Communicable Diseases and Non- Communicable Diseases
Diseases that are easily spread are known as communicable diseases. The communicable disease poses a major threat to public health as it affects the health of a large population group easily and in cases of epidemics or in worst case scenarios, pandemics. Hence a thorough study and widespread knowledge of the ‘care to be taken’ and various ways of prevention of spreading of the infections must be informed to the public to make sure least damage to public health. These diseases spread through air and water or from person to person or by a vector such as insects or animals or by contact with a contaminated surface/object. Such as Tuberculosis, Flu, HIV, Malaria, Hepatitis A . This session speaks about the chronic disorders that occur for a long duration, generally at the rate of slow progression and they are the significant reason for grown-up mortality and morbidity rates worldwide. Non-transmittable infections are recognized by WHO as "Group II Diseases," a classification that aggregates the following conditions/reasons for death: Malignant neoplasms, different neoplasms, diabetes mellitus, endocrine issue, neuropsychiatric conditions, sense organ diseases, cardiovascular ailments, respiratory illnesses (e.g. COPD, asthma, others), stomach related infections, genitourinary illnesses, skin diseases, musculoskeletal diseases (e.g. rheumatoid joint inflammation), innate peculiarities (e.g. cleft palate, down syndrome), and oral conditions (e.g. dental caries). These are recognized from Group I illnesses (transferable, maternal, perinatal and healthful conditions) and Group III sicknesses (unexpected and deliberate injuries).