Nutraceuticals and Health Welfares
Nutraceuticals have positive physiological impacts on the human body and which are not continually recognized supplements. They are claimed to have numerous helpful benefits. The therapeutic plants represent one of the critical fields of conventional medication all over the world and thus set up constituents of nutraceuticals. The alliance between the nutritional environment and cellular/ genetic processes is termed as ‘Nutrigenomics’. It gives molecular information about phytochemicals benefitting human health by altering the expression or constitution of genes. Diabetes is a chronic metabolic syndrome, where the body is unable to utilize carbohydrate due to absolute or relative lack of insulin, a hormone naturally produced by the ß cell of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas. Omega-3 fatty acids can stimulate Insulin sensitivity and bring the blood sugar normal. E.g. Cinnamon tea and green tea can aid people suffering from diabetes. Usually, Diabetes and Obesity are related to each other and (if they are not treated) they may cause cardiovascular problems. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are found in cold-water fish, vegetable oils, flax seeds, walnuts, and some types of vegetables. PUFAs which include the omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids and phytochemicals also play an important role as healthy dietary bioactive compounds. A balanced PUFA composition of food impacts the diverse aspects of immunity and metabolism. Moreover, communication between PUFAs and components of the gut microbiota may also impact their biological roles.
- Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid